Surprisingly, about 100,000 nerpa seals call Lake Baikal. The lake is formed in an old burst valley and today is 395 miles or 636 kilometers long. It is 49 miles or 79 kilometers https://charterclick.com/dubai/motor_yacht wide at its widest point. This makes Baikal the largest lake in all of Asia in terms of area. The total area of the lake is 12,248 square miles or 31,722 square kilometers.
American and Russian studies of central sediments in the 1990s provide a detailed overview of the climate variations over the past 250,000 years. Geologists expect longer and deeper sediment nuclei in the near future. Lake Baikal has been confirmed as the only freshwater lake with direct and circumstantial evidence of existing gas hydrates.
Lake Baikal had been out of the public eye until the Russian government built the Trans-Siberian railway between 1896 and 1902. The scenic circuit around Lake Baikal needed 200 bridges and 33 tunnels. Drizhenko led a hydrogeographic expedition that produced the first detailed atlas of the contours of the Baikal depths. The atlas showed that Lake Baikal has more water than all the Great Lakes of North America combined: 23,600 cubic kilometers (5,662.4 cu mi), about a fifth of the total fresh water on Earth.
For example, they have opposed plans to build a uranium factory in the nearby city of Angarsk. And they stank when an oil development company called Transneft almost built an oil pipeline that would have passed less than 3,000 feet from Lake Baikal and threatened the water with leaks and spills. Tourist development is a minor itch by comparison, although it can produce eyes such as hotels and holiday communities in Listvyanka, a popular tourist town in winter and summer. In Lake Baikal, the water temperature varies considerably depending on location, depth and time of the year.
Of particular interest are the two types of golomyanka (Comephorus baicalensis and C. dybowskii). These translucent longfin tuna fish generally live in open water at a depth of 100–500 m (330–1,640 ft), but they are shallower and much deeper. Together with certain Abissocottic sculptures, they are the deepest living freshwater fish in the world, located near the bottom of Lake Baikal.
Found in Lake Baikal or Nerpa, the Baikal seal is one of the three types of freshwater stamps in the world, the other is the subspecies of the freshwater ring seal. The omul, a small endemic salmonids, is perhaps the most important local species. Local people catch and smoke salmonid and sell it a lot in markets around the lake. In 1966, a pulp and paper mill was opened in the small town of Baikalsk, on the south shore of the lake. The plant is a well-known pollutant from the lake with its effluent and perhaps also a source of dioxin contamination in the lake. Efforts have recently been made against contamination by the Russian government.
It is unique among large lakes at great latitudes, because the sediments have not been explored by the overarching continental ice sheets. Russian, American and Japanese cooperative studies of deep-drilling sediments in the 1990s provide a detailed overview of climate variations over the past 6.7 million years. Longer and deeper sediment nuclei are expected in the near future. Lake Baikal is the only closed freshwater lake with direct and indirect evidence of gas hydrates. The bottom of the lake is more than a full kilometer below sea level, but the valley of the crack it created is much deeper.
It is the deepest lake in the world, with an estimated depth of 5,387 feet . The volume of the freshwater lakes is the largest, with approximately 5,521 cubic miles of water, or approximately 20% of the Earth’s fresh surface water. And, like many natural waterways on Earth today, Lake Baikal is the center of ongoing developmental controversies. Although known as the “North Sea” in Chinese historical texts, Lake Baikal was located in the territory of Xionu.
This makes the geological divide that houses Lake Baikal the deepest continental divide on planet Earth. Estimated at 25-30 million years, it makes it one of the oldest lakes in geological history. Unique to the great lakes of great latitude, sediments have been deciphered by destroying the continental ice sheets.