Advantages And Disadvantages Of Medicinal Cannabis: An Overview Of The Scope Of Systematic Reviews Full Text

In a review of several conditions, the results were uncertain or undetermined for subjective measures of sleep. Systematic reviews cover a wide range of conditions and diseases, of which pain management is the most notable. Seventeen reviews looked at specific types of pain, including neuropathic, chronic, cancerous, non-cancerous and acute types of pain. Twenty-seven reviews (38%) also focused on Worcester medical marijuana card pain management as a symptom of conditions such as multiple sclerosis, injuries, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatic disease, diabetes and HIV. 3 shows graphically the types of diseases treated by the set of included assessments, with overlap between different conditions and pain. Some systematic reviews covered multiple diseases and therefore the total number of conditions in Fig.

The ability to drive or use machines may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. While proponents of medical cannabis say it’s safe, more research is needed to assess the long-term safety of its use. Applying a specific spray of marijuana extract under the tongue appears to improve some self-reported symptoms of multiple sclerosis, including muscle spasms, the need to urinate, and nerve pain. In the UK, this product is approved as a prescription drug for the treatment of muscle spasms in people with MS. In Canada, this product is approved for the treatment of nerve pain in people with MS. This product is not available as a prescription drug in the United States. In addition, some conflicting evidence suggests that this product does not significantly improve muscle spasms, nor does it reduce the need for urination or tremors in MS patients. There are conflicting results regarding the effects of marijuana extract when taken orally.

There is considerable science about cannabis’ ability to reduce MS muscle spasms. Meanwhile, others are looking for a possible cannabis-based medicine for MS. Cannabis research and development company MMJ International Holdings Corp. hopes to soon test an experimental drug, a highly purified liquid plant extract containing THC and CBD in a gelatin capsule, for MS in the United States. More than 600,000 Americans turn to cannabis for chronic pain relief, and the scientific evidence for its effectiveness is considerable.

You may be surprised to learn that medical marijuana is effective in treating common but serious medical conditions and other health problems. From long-term pain relief to the release of eye pressure in glaucoma patients, the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of medical cannabis have profound and fast-acting positive effects on the health of patients with a wide range of health problems. Two cancer reviews favored cannabinoids over active drugs for patient preference and antiemetic efficacy. Non-pain-related outcomes were reported per study for sleep outcome in neuropathic pain and rheumatic disease.

General research on the health effects of medical cannabis is of low quality and it is unclear whether it is a useful treatment for any condition or harms any benefits. There is no consistent evidence that it helps with chronic pain and muscle spasms. Low-quality evidence suggests its use to reduce nausea during chemotherapy, improve appetite in HIV/AIDS, improve sleep, and improve tics in Tourette’s syndrome. When the usual treatments are ineffective, cannabinoids are also recommended for anorexia, arthritis, glaucoma, and migraines.

Other effects may include: short-term memory disorders; impaired motor coordination; impaired judgment; and paranoia or psychosis at high doses. The amount of cannabis normally used medicinally is not believed to cause permanent cognitive impairment in adults, although long-term treatment in adolescents should be carefully considered as they are more susceptible to these disorders. Withdrawal symptoms are rarely a problem with controlled medical administration of cannabinoids.